ISOLATION & QUARANTINE Guidelines

  • Isolation: Separates those infected with a contagious disease (like COVID-19) from people who are not infected in order to protect others and limit transmission.

  • Quarantine: Separates the persons who were exposed to a contagious disease (known as close contacts) from others in case they become infected.

ISOLATION GUIDELINES
 

Isolation applies to the COVID-positive individual.  Guidance below is for the general public, not applicable to *healthcare personnel in acute care hospitals (general or psychiatric) or skilled nursing facilities.

If you test positive for COVID-19 as a Kings County resident, click here for your Isolation Order from the Kings County Department of Public Health.  All positive case, regardless of vaccination status, must isolate.  Isolation gives you time  to recover and helps ensure you are not actively spreading the disease to others, so we can all stay a little healthier, and help end the pandemic. 

  • Once you test positive, isolation should begin immediately.  Isolate in your home or in a location where you have little-to-no contact with others. 

  • Notify individuals you were in close contact with during the two (2) days before you developed symptoms (or were tested for COVID-19, if you do not have symptoms) that you have tested positive.  Close contacts. including household contacts, should follow quarantine instructions outlined below. 

  • Contact your employer and be prepared to provide your positive test and the letter referenced above.  Your employer may have different return-to-work requirements based on your occupation. 

  • If you need to see a doctor, CALL AHEAD for instructions. If you have trouble breathing or other symptoms become severe, call 9-1-1.  Isolation may be broken if further medical attention is required.

How long does isolation last?

If you have symptoms            Isolate for at least five (5) days after the date your symptoms began, and not before your symptoms begin improving, including being fever free for 24 hours without the use of fever reducing medications. (“Fever” is defined as 100.4° F [37.8° C] or greater).

  • If fever is present, isolation should be continued until fever is gone.  If symptoms are not improving continue to isolate until symptoms are improving or until after day ten (10).  Contact your primary care provider via phone for additional support. 

If you are asymptomatic (never had symptoms)            Isolate for at least five (5) days after your positive test date.       To end isolation after day 5, an antigen test is recommended.  At-home tests are available at most local pharmacies.

         Regardless of isolation time, wear a well-fitting mask around others for a total of ten (10) days, to minimize the           risk of spreading the infection.  Masking guidance can be found here.

         If you do not meet the self-release criteria by the specified time, contact your primary care provider for                      guidance on release from isolation.

How do I get support during isolation and quarantine?

If you are an essential worker or live within certain census tracks in Kings County, free isolation and quarantine support is available.  The essential workforce includes workers in food, agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, emergency response and more.  Also eligible are family members of essential workers, any resident of Avenal or Corcoran and residents in the following census tracts within Hanford: 1100, 1002, 0900, 0500, 0800, 1003 and NAS Lemoore: 0300. 

Click here to learn more. 

quarantine GUIDELINES
 

Quarantine applies to close contacts of the COVID-positive individual.  Guidance below is for the general public, not applicable to *healthcare personnel in hospitals or skilled nursing facilities, or **K-12 schools.

On a Video Call

If you are identified as a close contact to someone with COVID-19, you will need to take steps to protect others in case you become infected. 

What is a close contact?

A close contact is someone who was within 6 feet of a COVID-positive person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period (for example, three individual 5-minute exposures for a total of 15 minutes).

Which quarantine guidelines should I follow?

Quarantine guidelines are based on vaccination status and symptoms, since you are less likely to spread COVID-19 if you are vaccinated, and may be more likely to spread it if you are symptomatic.  Risk of transmission and/or severe disease is also based on individual health history and not the same for every person.  Quarantine helps protect the most vulnerable people in our community from getting the virus, and helps lower overall community transmission to keep hospital services available for all, and schools and businesses open.  

 

 

* If household/close contacts do not meet the self-release criteria by the specified time, contact your primary care provider for guidance on release from quarantine

       I do not have symptoms AND

       I have completed my primary vaccine(s) and               received a booster vaccine. 

OR

       I am fully vaccinated but not booster eligible: I completed my primary 2-dose series of  Pfizer less than five (5) months ago, Moderna less than six (6) months, or primary 1-dose J&J less than two (2) months ago;

                                      

  • At-home quarantine is not required if you remain without symptoms.

  • Wear a well-fitting mask around others for a total of ten (10) days, to minimize the risk of spreading the infection. 

  • Antigen or PCR testing is strongly recommended after day 5.  Find a free test site here.

  • If symptoms develop, test and stay home.

  • If you test positive, follow isolation instructions outlined above.

        I do not have symptoms AND

        I am unvaccinated

                                           OR

        I am booster-eligible but not yet boosted: I completed my primary 2-dose series of  Pfizer more than five (5) months ago, Moderna more than six (6) months, or primary 1-dose J&J more than two (2) months ago and have not received a booster.

  • Quarantine at home or in another location away from others for a minimum of five (5) days, with a negative test strongly recommended on day 5,  or a minimum of ten (10) days without testing. 

    • Antigen or PCR testing is acceptable.  Use a home test, contact your provider, or find a free test site here.

  • Wear a well-fitting mask around others for a total of ten (10) days, to minimize the risk of spreading the infection. 

  • If symptoms develop, test and stay home.

  • If you test positive, follow isolation instructions outlined above.

If you are employed in a facility regulated by CalOSHA, additional return-to-work

testing requirements may apply. 

* Healthcare personnel in hospitals and skilled nursing facilities should follow the isolation and

quarantine guidelines of their agency, in accordance with the All Facilities Letter (AFL 21-08.6)

issued December 30th, 2021, found here. 

**Specific K-12 School quarantine guidelines remain in place and can be found here.  

Father and Son

Recently had COVID-19?

People who have had COVID-19 within the past 90 days and recovered should wear a mask indoors in public for at least   10 days after an additional exposure, monitor for symptoms, and consult with a healthcare professional for testing recommendations if they develop new symptoms.

When to Seek Care

Persons in self-isolation or self-quarantine should seek medical assistance:

  • If new symptoms develop or their symptoms worsen.

  • If the infected or exposed person is going to a medical office, emergency room, or urgent care center, the facility should be notified ahead of time that the person is infected with or has been exposed to COVID-19; the person should wear a mask for the clinical visit.

  • Any one of the following emergency warning signs signal a need to call 911 and get medical attention immediately:

    • Trouble breathing.

    • Bluish lips or face.

    • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest.

    • New confusion or inability to arouse.

    • New numbness or tingling in the extremities.

    • Other serious symptoms